Today (April 18th) is World Heritage Day and we’re celebrating it here by highlighting six special reasons to visit the Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site.
It was inscribed by UNESCO in 1999 and it welcomes visitors from around the world to its main attractions – the Ness of Brodgar, the Ring of Brodgar, Skara Brae, the Standing Stones of Stenness and Maeshowe.
Where else could you experience thousands of years of history in such a small space, along with the stunning scenery you’d expect from Scotland’s islands?
There is so much to see in our World Heritage Site, so we thought we’d concentrate on some of the area’s secrets. Here’s why we think a visit to the Heart of Neolithic Orkney should be on your bucket list…
The Vikings are coming!
A tour inside the Neolithic chambered tomb of Maeshowe is an absolute must when you’re in Orkney. Crawl through the low entrance tunnel into the beautiful central chamber and be amazed at the intricate building work. But pay close attention to certain stones and you’ll see runic inscriptions, scrawled onto the walls by Viking warriors after breaking into the tomb hundreds of years ago. There are also examples of graffiti, including one of our favourites ‘Haermund Hardaxe carved these runes’ – the Viking equivalent of ‘Haermund was here’! You’ll also see the Maeshowe Dragon carving, one of the most important symbols of Orkney’s history and heritage.
The new Maeshowe Visitor Centre is now open for the new season – find out how you can visit.
World Heritage and wildlife
It’s hard to keep your eyes off the stone circles and archaeologists in action when you’re in the Heart of Neolithic Orkney. But try to take a look around and you’ll see plenty of natural attractions too. The Brodgar peninsula is a haven for wildlife, with swans in the lochs, skylarks and migrating birds across the area and even the chance of an otter sighting as well. The RSPB’s Brodgar Nature Reserve features beautiful wildflowers and insects, or you could take a walk along the Bay of Skaill at Skara Brae and see seals bobbing about in the clean and clear blue water.
Tag along on a tour
Ok, they might not be secrets, but they are the best ways to get inside knowledge about our World Heritage Site. You can join the Historic Environment Scotland Rangers for tours of the Ring of Brodgar and the Standing Stones of Stenness all year round, and you can also get a closer look at the amazing excavations at the Ness of Brodgar during the summer too. Join the experts and uncover some of the stories of these fascinating Neolithic sites.
Find out how to get on a guided tour of the Ness of Brodgar this summer.
Sites with special significance?
The one question that always gets asked at our World Heritage Site attractions is ‘why were they built?’ There are no straight answers. Was the Ring of Brodgar linked to astronomy and the passage of the moon? Was there a direct link between the positioning of the Standing Stones of Stenness and Maeshowe? Why did the people of Skara Brae leave their village? Where did the inhabitants of the Ness of Brodgar go? It’s frustrating to some that we’ll never fully know the answers to these questions, but for us that’s part of the beauty of our World Heritage Site. The secrets will stay that way, and it’s up to you to make your own mind up!
Explore the buffer zone!
We’ve been focusing on the main attractions of the Heart of Neolithic Orkney so far, but the World Heritage Site covers a much wider area. There are smaller locations, away from the main tourist trail and perfect for exploring. Take a trip inside the Unstan Cairn and see examples of ancient art, or stroll to the Barnhouse Settlement to see the remains of an ancient village. The fields surrounding the sites are full of finds too. Fieldwalking events have uncovered stone tools, flint, the remains of an axe and even an arrowhead.
Read Orkney.com's Fieldwalking blog to find out more about the 2017 project.
And our personal favourite...
It’s hard to describe a 19 foot high monolith as a secret, but the Watchstone which stands guard over the entrance to the Brodgar peninsula can often be overlooked in the rush to explore the Neolithic attractions that lie beyond it. The huge slab of stone stands at the point where the road narrows into a narrow causeway and the lochs of Stenness and Harray meet. It could have been part of a long ago disappeared stone circle, or perhaps part of a ceremonial route between the stone circles of the Ring of Brodgar and the Standing Stones of Stenness. Whatever its past, it’s a great spot to stop for a photo before you continue your journey into the Heart of Neolithic Orkney.
Thanks to the fantastic Orkneyjar website for some of the facts and figures used in this blog. Visit the site for yourself to find out more about Orkney’s history, heritage, archaeology and folklore.
If you're inspired to visit Orkney to see these sites you can use our website to search for your ideal accommodation.
The Digital Media Orkney project has been part financed by the Scottish Government and the European Community Orkney LEADER 2014-2020 Programme.